If you are a beginner to IT industry or switching to IT Domain and struggling to understand the Technology terms then this is the right place for you to learn the basic technical terms of Software Industry.
Two Factor Authentication is nothing but login with credentials and OTP/Authenticator app permission. Meaning double authentication.
Ad hoc meeting
Unplanned one, outside of your usual regular meetings.
Application Programming Interface is a connection between computer programs – It is an user defined service. It accepts a payload request and perform specific tasks and return to software’s.
It is nothing but a user input to perform the specific function
The part of process/tasks running behind the application/website means Back-end process.
Usually we will use this word for internet connectivity speed, also used to measure the team capacity.
Maintaining the parallel system which will support when the main system is failing or affected is nothing but a Backup. It will suite in all the industry or division or teams.
The software is compatible with the earlier versions of the same software. so it is nothing but a backward compatible.
Backdoor jobs means placing the candidates not in a Genuine way or not following the normal process.
A bookmark term is used to save a particular page or link.
Biometrics is an authentication system that refers to a measurement of the body (fingerprints, retinal-eye scan, face, voice, signature, DNA, and patterns of behavior). Biometrics are a powerful tool for identifying individuals.
Bugs are coding mistakes that will not show up in code compilation. Coding loopholes that are not handled while developing the code.
Byod is a company rules that related to the devices. BYOD stands Bring Your Own Device such as Smartphones, Tablets, Headsets, Laptops to access the work related data. BYOD policy will be defer from company to company.
When you open/connect a web page, the data will be temporarily stored (‘cached’) on your computer. The next time you want that page, instead of requesting the file from the web server, your web browser just accesses it from the cache, so the page loads quickly.
It is a validation process before we implement or deliver the product.
Code Standard is refers to improve the code readability, reusability, proper exception maintenance and so on.
Container is a virtual environment that will have all the required dependencies installed. Example-Docker container.
A piece of code or data created by a web server and stored on a client computer. It is used to keep track of the user’s usage patterns and preferences.
Cloud Computing is a type of Internet based computing where shared servers provide computational power, data storage space, and software applications to computers via the internet.
Cascading Style Sheet is used for styling the html and xml documents.
The CURD refers to Create, Update, Read, and Update. These CURD operation will happen in Database side.
Data mining is analyzing the large amounts of data in user websites and databases to find the patterns, behaviors, and correlations which is useful in the online services and marketing.
The latest one which is not present in the existing data/database.
DevOps stands Development and Operations. It means Automation and integration which combines Development teams and IT teams. A DevOps team contains both Developers and IT operation team members work together for full product development.
Dynamic method means Data loading from other source or from Database or changing the post or content in a decent interval (date wise)
Adding the digital objects in the webpage or word file or PDFs.
Encryption is the process of converting electronic data to an unrecognizable format. The encrypted format will not be easily understandable.
It is kind of general term which will suit in more domains. E.g. url, two program communicate each other, component of API, and so on.
Extract, Transform and Load is a Data extraction process from various types of sources and transforming (cleaning, structuring, and modifying) and storing into a targeting system.
Firewall is a security system designed for protecting a computer network. It will act as initial layer which will verify before download anything.
File transfer protocol (FTP) is a common method of transferring files via the internet from one host to another host.
It is just a fundamental principle.
A point within a network that interconnects with other networks.
Opposite to spam. Ham means not a spam.
Hadoop Distributed File System – It manages large datasets. It used to scale up the single Hadoop cluster to multiple nodes.
Simply running your program without an user-interface. Headless operation will majorly suit in automation testing, running the program without opening the browser.
Example: Docker Image – It is an package of executable custom software which contains all required prerequisites.
Information Security Management System – Enabling the security settings in all digital platforms
It is a mistake or bug. Rare case the code will do mistakes.
Natural Language Processing – Text tokenization and Text analytics. Program is able to understand the text as human.
Natural Language Understanding – It is a subset of NLP. It reads the text and converts into structured text.
Optical Character Recognition – Extracting/Transforming data from Image format.
The term open source is refers to open source software. It will be available/accessible for free. Technical people can modify and enhance and use it for their requirement. The word open source originated from Software industry.
Organic is kind of unique content that describes social media content that ranks highly because individual users have viewed, liked, and reposted/retweet it.
A Word that reads the same forwards as well as backwards. Example: LEVEL
The Parameters capturing the values that are passed to the program to perform a specific function.
A protocol is a set of rules that computers and other devices use when communicating with one another.
A software plug-in is a component that adds to a software application.
Regex and RegExp
Regex means Regular Expression. It is a combination of symbols to search the text in a pattern matching based approach.
It means the code or data will be stored in a centralized location using some software or maintained in a proper way.
Resolution is refers to the number of pixels in the display on a computer monitor or a Image.
SAAS stands for software as a service. A Software applications are centrally hosted.
Increasing and Decreasing the performance of system configuration
A search engine enables a computer user to search information on the Internet. It is a type of software that creates indexes of databases or Internet sites based on the titles of files, keywords, or the full text of files. The most popular search engines are Google.com.au, Yahoo.com.au and Bing.com.au.
Unwanted junk email or kind of Promotions, MLM, Lottery and so on.
Secure sockets layer is a protocol that allows users to send encrypted messages across the Internet. It is generally used for confidential information. “Https” urls are SSL connection based websites.
End-user is stakeholder. They might be an internal production team member, whose work depending on the application/utility.
It means daily meetings and nothing but a follow-up meeting to fill the communication gaps in the process and development.
Stabilize the process. Setting up the workflow.
SVN is a version controlling software and revision control system. This SVN system is required to maintain the historical version of source codes.
Search engine optimization is to make the website use the right keywords to reach more people and rank higher in search engines.
Parallel processing is nothing but Threading. Example: Multiple mobile apps download in same time.
User Acceptance Testing – User end testing stage before live release.
Virtual Machine – It is a server. We are able to create multiple number of separate logins with different OS as well.
The term Virtualization refers to the virtual machine or storage or process or network resources. It will be virtual rather than the actual / physical system but it will act as a real one.